Trac Data Model Proposal
Note: This was the original rough sketch. See GenericTrac for a later evolution of the proposal.
Trac stores the data for its resources in various tables, each tailored to a specific situation. This leads to a similar variety of APIs in our model modules, to heterogeneous functionality for no good reason etc. All of this has been exposed for a long time, in the TracObjectModelProposal.
A way to provide more consistent change tracking and store the authorship of resource modifications can be found in TracDev/Proposals/Journaling.
The Generic Model
The new model should have a good balance between generality, so that the API can be the same across resources) and specificity so that the database load is spread across multiple tables, and additional tables can be easily joined to the generic ones, depending on a module specific need (in particular, the vc layer).
Each resource type could eventually have its own main table, for registering the identity of each object. There are pros/cons for that:
- (+) each dependent table won't have to repeat the full
idof a resource for linking to it
- (+) facilitates resource renaming (
- (-) makes the raw db content of each table less readable
- (-) joins are always needed
That main table could eventually also store some mandatory fields, which are always of (1:1) cardinality.
Then, each resource should have a
<resource>_prop table, which can be seen as a generalization of the
ticket_custom table we have now. I think it's enough to have
(name,value) columns, however, as the type information could eventually be stored in some
Also, it might well be that we'll actually need to have datatype-specific property tables, like
<resource>_prop_resource for linking to other resources in a flexible way (TracCrossReferences style).
The property approach is essential for solving some of the main drawbacks of the current model:
- overcome the 1:1 limitation of ticket → milestone, ticket → component (also, components should become top level resources)
- deal with content in an uniform way; for example, it should be possible to access a wiki page content and a ticket description the same way (see #2945).
The property tables above contain a snapshot of the current values for those objects. They are always updated after a change.
Resource Change History
Every "transaction" (change to any resource in the system) is tracked in a
<resource>_journal table, containing an unique identifier for the change
tid, the date of the change, the authorship information
(author, ip number, authenticated flag) and the affected resource
id. For dealing with "batch" changes (e.g. #525), there could eventually be a specific extension to this: if the
id data stored in
<resource>_journal is NULL, then we'd look in a
<resource>_batch table, relating the
tid to (1:N)
id of resources.
For each property table, there will be a corresponding
<resource>_<prop>_history table, containing the
(tid, name, value) triples corresponding to what has changed during this transaction. No more (old_value, new_value) pairs, as this can easily be reconstructed from the full history of changes.
When looking at the history of a text property, we actually have access to the various versions of that content. This is how wiki page content, ticket and milestone descriptions could be versioned all the same way (see #1673), and therefore accessed the same way by the API. From that, it would be trivial to build similar web UI for these, in a "cheap" way (see #2945).
The comments will likewise be a simple "comment" text property, with accompanying "cnum" and "replyto" int properties. Instead of accessing that field in the same way as a page content or ticket description, each version of the field will be picked and inserted in the right place when displaying the history of change for the resource (i.e. it will look exactly the same as our current ticket UI, but we could potentially have exactly the same for Wiki pages, Milestones and Changesets, see #2035).
Lastly, there would be a
<resource>_overlay table for storing old versions of versioned properties themselves, should they ever change. This would be a way to enable editing ticket comments (see #454), and possibly version 1 of commit messages, should they change in the repository itself (#731).
See also: TracDev/Proposals, #150, #221, #695, #787, #918, #1113, #1386, #1395, #1678, #1835, #2035, #2344, #2464, #2465, #2467, #2662, #2961, #3003, #3080, #3718, #3911, #4588, #5211, #7871, #8335, #9263