Edgewall Software

This page documents the 1.3 (development) release. See TracUpgrade if you need the latest stable version.

Upgrade Instructions


Typically, there are seven steps involved in upgrading to a newer version of Trac:

1. Check your plugins

Check whether your plugins are compatible with the version of Trac that you are upgrading to. Obsolete plugins listed in the version specific steps below should be uninstalled or disabled.

If you are upgrading to a minor release, plugin compatibility is usually not a concern because the Trac API typically does not change, and major features are not introduced, for minor releases.

If your plugins are installed from trac-hacks.org you can check compatibility by looking for a tag on the project page corresponding to a major release (e.g. 1.2). If you are unsure, you'll want to contact the plugin author or ask on the MailingList.

If you are running several Trac plugins it is good to test the upgrade and site functionality in a staging instance of your site before upgrading your production instance. Remember, plugin authors are responsible for Trac version compatibility and plugins can interact in unexpected ways. Your Trac instance may have a unique combination of plugins and therefore it's a good idea to do some verification testing when making any changes to your site.

2. Bring your server off-line

It is not a good idea to update a running server: the server processes may have parts of the current packages cached in memory, and updating the code will likely trigger internal errors.

Although a database backup will be implicitly created by default when upgrading the environment, it is always a good idea to perform a full backup of the environment using the hotcopy command before beginning. You may also wish to create a full backup of your server.

3. Update Trac and dependencies

The packages are available through several channels, as described in TracDownload. If your Trac instance was installed through an operating system package manager or an installer on Windows, proceed with the standard steps that are appropriate for your operating system.

If you are managing your Trac installation using command line tools, pip is the preferred tool to upgrade a Trac instance because it will uninstall the old version. The following command will upgrade your Trac installation using the package published to PyPI.

$ pip install --upgrade Trac

The upgrade command will give you the latest release of Trac. If instead you wish to upgrade to a different version, such as a minor release of Trac when there is a newer major release available, then specify the Trac version in the pip command.

$ pip install --upgrade Trac==1.2.1

You should also upgrade dependencies so they are compliant with the required versions and upgrade Trac plugins.

4. Upgrade the Trac Environment

Environment upgrades are not necessary for minor version releases unless otherwise noted.

On starting your web server after upgrading Trac, a message will be displayed for projects that need to be upgraded and the projects will not be accessible until the upgrade is run.

The upgrade is run using a trac-admin command:

$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade

This command will not have any effect if the environment is already up-to-date.

Note that a backup of your database will be performed automatically prior to the upgrade. The backup is saved in the location specified by [trac] backup_dir.

5. Update the Trac Documentation

By default, every Trac environment includes a copy of the Trac documentation for the installed version. However, to keep the included documentation in sync with the installed version of Trac, use the following trac-admin command to upgrade the documentation:

$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki upgrade

Note that this procedure will leave your WikiStart, TracGuide and SandBox pages unaltered. Local changes to other pages that are distributed with Trac will be overwritten.

6. Refresh static resources

If you have configured your web server to serve static resources directly (accessed using the /chrome/ URL) then you will need to refresh them using the deploy command. The deploy command will extract static resources and CGI scripts (trac.wsgi, etc) from the new Trac version and plugins into /deploy/path.

$ trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/path

Before refreshing, it is recommended that you remove the directory in which your static resources are deployed. The directory location depends on the choice you made during installation. This cleanup is not mandatory, but makes it easier to troubleshoot issues later on, as your installation is uncluttered by code or templates from a previous release that is not used anymore. As usual, make a backup before deleting the directory.

Note: Some web browsers (IE, Opera) cache CSS and Javascript files, so you should instruct your users to manually erase the contents of their browser's cache. A forced refreshed (SHIFT + <F5>) should be sufficient.

7. Steps specific to a given Trac version

Upgrading from Trac 1.2 to 1.4

Python 2.6 no longer supported

Upgrade Python to 2.7, but not 3.0 or greater.

Obsolete Plugins

Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:

The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.4.

Jinja2 is the new template engine

In Trac itself, all the content is now generated by using the Jinja2 template engine. You may want to verify that your plugins are compatible with this change. (TODO expand…)

If you customized the Trac templates, or the site.html template, you'll need to adapt that as well. (TODO expand…) See #CustomizedTemplates

Another "template" that will probably need to be updated are the e-mail notification summaries, defined in the trac.ini, [notification] section, for the batch_subject_template and ticket_subject_template settings.

For example:

ticket_subject_template = ${prefix} #${ticket.id}: ${summary}

(instead of $prefix #$ticket.id: $summary)

New permission policies for Wiki and Ticket realms

Since 1.3.2 there are new permission policies for the ticket and wiki systems. DefaultTicketPolicy allows an authenticated users with TICKET_APPEND or TICKET_CHPROP to modify the description of a ticket they reported. It also implements the pre-1.3.2 behavior of allowing users to edit their own ticket comments. ReadonlyWikiPolicy, added in 1.1.2, is renamed to DefaultWikiPolicy. The new permission policies can be easily replaced with alternate implementations if the default behavior is not desired.

If [trac] permission_policy has the default value ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy, then DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy should be automatically appended to the list when upgrading the environment:

permission_policies = DefaultWikiPolicy,

If other permission policies are enabled, trac.ini will need to be edited to add DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy to permission_policies. See TracFineGrainedPermissions for additional details on the proper ordering.

Description field added to ticket enums

The ticket enums now have a description field. An ambiguous column name error may be seen for reports that reference the description column of another table and join the enum table with that table (e.g. ticket, component). The reports {1}, {2}, {3}, {4}, {5}, {7}, and {8} are modified by an upgrade step to fix the issue, but the modification may not succeed if the default reports have been modified, in which case upgrade will output a message to the terminal instructing the user to modify the reports. User-created reports may also need to be modified.

Reports that display the error need to be modified to prefix the description column with the appropriate table name or alias. For example, if the ticket table is aliased as t (ticket t or ticket AS t), replace description with t.description if the report should use the ticket's description column.

Upgrading from Trac 1.0 to 1.2

Python 2.5 no longer supported

Upgrade Python to at least 2.6 or 2.7, but not 3.0 or greater.

Obsolete Plugins

Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:

The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.2.

New workflow actions

The ticket creation step is controlled with a workflow action. The default workflow has create and create_and_assign actions. The create action will always be added when upgrading the database. The create_and_assign action will be added if the workflow has an assigned state. You may want to edit your workflow after upgrading the database to customize the actions available on the New Ticket page.

New permissions policy for read-only wiki pages

Since 1.1.2 the read-only attribute of wiki pages is enabled and enforced only when ReadonlyWikiPolicy is in the list of active permission policies. If [trac] permission_policy has the default value DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy, then ReadonlyWikiPolicy should be automatically appended to the list when upgrading the environment:

permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy,

If other permission policies are enabled, trac.ini will need to have ReadonlyWikiPolicy appended to the list of active permission_policies. See TracFineGrainedPermissions#ReadonlyWikiPolicy for additional details on the proper ordering.

Upgrading from Trac 0.12 to Trac 1.0

Python 2.4 no longer supported

Upgrade Python to at least 2.5, but not 3.0.

Obsolete Plugins

Trac has added functionality equivalent to the following plugins:

The plugins should be removed when upgrading Trac to 1.0.

Subversion components not enabled by default for new installations

The Trac components for Subversion support are no longer enabled by default. To enable the svn support, you need to make sure the tracopt.versioncontrol.svn components are enabled, for example by setting the following in the TracIni:

tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled

The upgrade procedure should take care of this and change the TracIni appropriately, unless you already had the svn components explicitly disabled.

Attachments migrated to new location

Another step in the automatic upgrade will change the way the attachments are stored. There have been reports that the attachment migration sometimes fails, so it's extra important that you backup your environment.

In case the attachments directory contains some files which are not attachments, the last step of the migration to the new layout will not be completed: the deletion of the now unused attachments directory can't be done if there are still files and folders in it. You may ignore this error, but better to move them elsewhere and remove the attachments directory manually. The attachments themselves are now all located in your environment below the files/attachments directory.

Behavior of [ticket] default_owner changed

Prior to 1.0, the owner field of new tickets always defaulted to [ticket] default_owner when the value was not empty. If the value was empty, the owner field defaulted to to the Component's owner. In 1.0 and later, the default_owner must be set to < default > to make new tickets default to the Component's owner. This change allows the default_owner to be set to an empty value if no default owner is desired.

Upgrading from older versions of Trac

For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.12, refer first to wiki:0.12/TracUpgrade#SpecificVersions.

For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.10, refer first to wiki:0.10/TracUpgrade#SpecificVersions.

Known Issues

Customized Templates

Trac supports customization of its templates by placing copies of the templates in the <env>/templates folder of your environment or in a common location specified in the [inherit] templates_dir configuration setting. If you choose to do so, be aware that you will need to repeat your changes manually on a copy of the new templates when you upgrade to a new release of Trac (even a minor one), as the templates will likely evolve. So keep a diff around.

The preferred way to perform TracInterfaceCustomization is a custom plugin doing client-side JavaScript transformation of the generated output, as this is more robust in case of changes: we usually won't modify element ids or change CSS classes, and if we have to do so, this will be documented in the TracDev/ApiChanges pages.


Due to internal caching of zipped packages, whenever the content of the packages change on disk, the in-memory zip index will no longer match and you'll get irrecoverable ZipImportError errors. Better anticipate and bring your server down for maintenance before upgrading. See #7014 for details.

Wiki Upgrade

trac-admin will not delete or remove default wiki pages that were present in a previous version but are no longer in the new version.

Parent dir

If you use a Trac parent env configuration and one of the plugins in one child does not work, none of the children will work.

Attachments not migrated

There have been reports that attachments are not migrated when upgrading to Trac 1.0 or later. The cause of the issue has not yet been found. If you encounter this issue, see the FAQ for a workaround and please report your findings to #11370.

Related topics

Upgrading Python

Upgrading Python to a newer version will require reinstallation of Python packages: Trac itself of course, but also setuptools. If you are using Subversion, you'll need to upgrade the Python bindings for SVN.

Changing Database Backend

The TracMigratePlugin on trac-hacks.org has been written to assist in migrating between SQLite, MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.

See also: TracGuide, TracInstall

Last modified 10 days ago Last modified on May 15, 2017, 12:15:57 AM