|Version 55 (modified by 15 years ago) ( diff ),|
Installing and Running Trac on Debian
The Debian Sid distribution already contain Trac and all required dependencies. Debian Woody and Sarge users need to add a few lines to their /etc/apt/sources.list before installing Trac.
# Trac, clearsilver, sqlite, pysqlite deb http://ftp.edgewall.com/pub/debian woody trac # Subversion, Apache2 deb http://people.debian.org/~adconrad woody subversion
# Trac and clearsilver deb http://ftp.edgewall.com/pub/debian sarge trac
$ apt-get update
after editing the file to update the package cache.
Installing Trac and the required dependencies should now be as simple as:
$ apt-get install trac
Note: While installing Trac on Debian Woody you might get some harmless warnings when the installation process byte-compiles some source files.
More notes for Trac 0.8 on Debian Woody:
Notice, this is what worked for me on a new Woody system I built just to host Trac (in a VMware image, yet!), so I was able to be a little free with modifications I made. Be more careful if you are adding Trac to a system you use for other tasks - don't blame me if these instructions break something!
These instructions ignore the above and start at the very beginning.
- Subversion really wants Apache2 installed. If you run
apache2 -vand get an error, you'll need to install Apache2. I removed apache 1.3 and installed Apache2 with the following:
apt-get install apache2-common apache2-doc apache2-mpm-worker libapache2-svn apt-get remove apache apache2 -k startAlso, edit /etc/default/apache2 so it says
NO_START=0if you want apache2 to run on boot.
- Trac 0.8 runs better with Python 2.2 and python-xml (without them, diffs and attachment uploading will not work). Note that Trac's email notifications will not work unless you have Python 2.2.2 or greater. Since I couldn't find a Debian/stable .deb for anything higher than Python 2.2.1, I gave up on email notifications. Everything else seems to be workng though!
apt-get install python2.2-xmlbase python2.2-sqlite cd /usr/bin mv python python.orig ln -s python2.3 python cp -R /usr/lib/python2.1/site-packages /usr/lib/python2.3 apache2 -k restart
- Be careful with the above steps. I attempted to follow them on an "existing" (i.e. not fresh) woody box and was unsuccessful in part because I had managed to install a newer version of subversion from source before deciding to try the packages. I decided to bite the bullet and upgrade to sarge so I could use the goodness that is apt while also using fsfs repositories. Aside from breaking my pptpd install, the upgrade only partially solved my trac/subversion woes; I was able to get apache2-mod-svn working, but trac-admin from the command line would fail when one of the subversion Python modules went looking for libswig1.3.21 and I had only libswig1.3.22; symlinking libswig1.3.21.so → libswig1.3.22.so solved that problem but left me with another error in fs.py when running trac-admin help from the command line. After much gnashing of teeth, I tried removing the subversion package and the trac package; this triggered an uninstall of several then-unused support packages, including python2.3. However, /usr/lib/python2.3 still existed and was not empty, despite the apt database showing absolutely no python packages of any version installed. I manually rm'd /usr/lib/python2.3, did an aptitude install subversion trac, and stuff worked; I'm fairly convinced that the manual reworkings of the python install (as described above) were directly related, if not causative, in the problem; the fix could have been as simple as:
aptitude remove subversion trac python2.3 rm -r /usr/lib/python2.3 aptitude install subversion trac python2.3after I had upgraded to sarge. The removal of python2.3 and the rm of /usr/lib/python2.3 are critical; prior to doing this, I had also tried removing subversion and trac and reinstlling, first from binary and then from source packages; that didn't help.
- Sorry you had issues, but please note I made the python choices shown specifically for Woody. Your issues stem from being upgraded to Sarge. python2.3 wasn't available in woody when I wrote these instructions, and I made careful note of that. I too had more than a few problems with python (hence these instructions!), so I know where you're coming from. But pure Woody users won't have access to python2.3 as far as I know.
- After completing these pre-requisites, I added the following to /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.edgewall.com/pub/debian woody trac deb http://people.debian.org/~adconrad woody subversionand ran
apt-get install trac
- Getting Subversion working:
I decided to keep my Subversion project at /var/svn/project. Here are the commands I entered to get SVN up and running:mkdir /var/svn mkdir /var/svn/project mkdir /tmp/project mkdir /tmp/project/branches mkdir /tmp/project/tags mkdir /tmp/project/trunk svnadmin create /var/svn/project svn import /tmp/project file:///var/svn/project -m "initial import" rm -rf /tmp/project
I added the following to /etc/apache2/sites-available/default:#SVN dir <Location /svn> DAV svn SVNParentPath /var/svn </Location>
Then I fixed permissions and restarted apache2:chown www-data /var/svn/project chown -R www-data /var/svn/project/* apache2 -k restart
I was able to test by going to http://servername.foo.com/svn/project where I could see the empty directories as imported. I did not move on to the next step until this worked right!
- Getting Trac running:
I put my trac environment at /var/trac/project. I'm not using the mod_python extentions at the moment. First I ranmkdir /var/trac trac-admin /var/trac/project initenv chown -R www-data /var/trac/project
The "trac-admin" command above prompted me to enter the project name, the path to the trac environment, and the path to the Trac templates directory; then it printed out a bunch of stuff.
Next, I edited /etc/apache2/sites-available/default. I commented out the existing
<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">directives, and added this at the end:Alias /trac "/usr/share/trac/htdocs" ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/share/trac/cgi-bin/ <Location "/cgi-bin/trac.cgi"> SetEnv TRAC_ENV "/var/trac/project" </Location> <Directory "/usr/share/trac/htdocs"> Options Indexes MultiViews AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> # You need something like this to authenticate users <Location "/cgi-bin/trac.cgi/login"> AuthType Basic AuthName "project" AuthUserFile /var/www/trac.htpasswd Require valid-user </Location>
Now to fix the permissions, add a couple of users, and restart Apache:cd /var/www htpasswd -c trac.htpasswd user1 (you'll be prompted for the password) htpasswd trac.htpasswd bar user2 (you'll be prompted for the password) apache2 -k restart
Finally, test by going to http://servername.foo.com/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
On my installation, I do get some errors ("Python C API version mismatch for module blah") when I run trac-admin at the commandline. Apache also logs similar errors. This is probably because I didn't upgrade to Python2.2 until after I installed Trac. Hopefully these errors will be avoided by upgradng Python first (as I have advised above), but in any case they don't seem to hurt Trac at all. Everything (except email notifications which I don't need anyway) works perfectly!
Furthermore, there is a guide on building the Debian Trac package from the trunk at TracOnDebianFromTrunk