Edgewall Software

Version 18 (modified by Christopher J B Scholten, 16 years ago) ( diff )

Windows Installation Instructions for Subversion w/Trac 0.9.4


  • Windows 2003 Server SP1
  • IIS 6
  • Trac 0.9

There are some documented issues regarding running Trac on Microsoft's Internet Information Server (IIS), however it does work (albeit slowly). Refer to the following issues for details: #692 #693 and #697.

Trac running without Apache or IIS: using tracd and svnserve is experimental (tracd) but the performance improvement is very significant over cgi. See TracOnWindowsSansApacheOrIis (TBD).

Note: This example installs to F: (for extra points, then goes DarkReign hard with a separate application pool and so on.)

Arm Yourself

  1. Get & Read book http://svnbook.red-bean.com

Install Subversion Pre-Requisites

  1. Download and Install Python (Get version 2.3.5, because v2.4 doesn't have appropriate SVN plugins available). http://www.python.org/download/releases/2.3.5/

Add F:\Python23 to path

Note that installing to a path that contains spaces is likely to break the install (iis6 doesn't seem to like cgi interpreters with spaces in their path).

  1. Install IIS Control panel, Configure server roles…
  1. Install Subversion http://subversion.tigris.org (remember to get the python bindings as well)
  1. Install docutils http://docutils.sourceforge.net/
      expand and run from the expanded docutils-xxx directory
      > F:\python23\python install.py

Create Repository

  1. Create repository
    F:\> svnadmin create f:\tracsvn --fs-type fsfs

The bdb repo type doesn't work well with a cgi trac on windows (possibly locking?). The fsfs type works quite well though.

  1. Create skeleton repository structure in f:\temp\project Example:
  1. Build repository tree
    f:\> svn import f:\temp\project file:///f:/tracsvn/ -m "Initial Load"
  1. Create local SVN sandbox
    f:\> svn checkout file:///f:/svn/repo1 f:\project

Configure IIS

  1. Create the Service-Trac (local) user
    • Add Service-Trac to the IIS_WPG (local) group
  1. Allow the Service-Trac user to run cgi scripts.
    • Grant Service-Trac the following permissions in the 'Local Security Policy' Administrative Tool:
  1. Add a Python CGI web service extension to IIS In the IIS control panel add a new web service extension. The required file is [F:\Python23\python.exe -u "%s" %s]. You will also need to enable this extension.
  1. IIS virtual directories Add a virtual directory for /trac in the IIS control panel. It doesn't need execute permissions of any description as that will be taken care of by /trac/cgi-bin. Map this to [F:\Python23\share\trac\htdocs]. Ensure that Anonymous/Windows authentication is set as per your usage requirements.

Add a cgi-bin vdir under /trac in the IIS control panel. It needs script execute permissions. Map this to [F:\Python23\share\trac\cgi-bin].

  1. IIS Application Pool Add a new application pool in the IIS control panel. Change the Identity of the new pool to Configurable and enter the details for the Service-Trac user you defined earlier.

Change the Application settings of the /trac/cgi-bin vdir: click Configuration and select the Mappings tab. Add a new mapping.

  • Executable: [F:\Python23\python.exe -u "%s" %s] - note that this must be identical to the web service extension added earlier
  • Extension: [cgi]
  • Verbs: All verbs
  • Script Engine: checked
  • Verify that file exists: unchecked

Change the Application Pool setting of the cgi-bin vdir to the pool you just created.

  1. Fix up permissions Change the ownership of, or give Full-Control permissions on F:\tracsvn to Service-Trac. You may also need to change the ownership or grant write/modify on F:\Python23\Lib\site-packages\trac to Service-Trac (so it can write pyc files). Service-Trac will need read access to F:\Python23\share\trac

Install Trac Prerequisites

  1. Install Subversion Python Bindings (Get from same download page as Subversion - http://subversion.tigris.org/servlets/ProjectDocumentList?folderID=91. Currently only supports Python 2.3 - NOT 2.4)
    Copy libsvn and svn directories to F:\Python23\Lib
  1. Install SQLite http://www.sqlite.org/download.html
    Copy sqlite.exe to F:\Program Files\SQLite This is really optional. Don't let it mess your disk unless something exceptional not described here happens.
  1. Install PySQLite http://www.initd.org/tracker/pysqlite
  1. Install ClearSilver http://www.clearsilver.net
  1. Install Trac http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracDownload Use the Windows installer to avoid having to manually install Trac with Python.

Modify a few Python scripts to cater for peculiarities specific to IIS

  1. Fix the CGI

In [F:\Python23\Share\Trac\cgi-bin\trac.cgi]

modify the section between the try/except block to be as follows:

    from trac.web import cgi_frontend
    # PATCH IIS6 - start
    import os
    os.environ['TRAC_ENV'] = 'F:\\tracsvn\\Trac.db'
    # PATCH IIS6 - end
except Exception, e:

The TRAC_ENV line is important as IIS6 won't pass this environment variable to the script when it runs.

  1. Fix Python file - api.py

In [F:\Python23\Lib\site-packages\trac\web\api.py], in the [redirect] function on the Request class, replace the entire function with:

    def redirect(self, url):
        """Send a redirect to the client, forwarding to the specified URL. The
        `url` may be relative or absolute, relative URLs will be translated
        base_url = '%s://%s' % ("http", os.getenv('SERVER_NAME'))
        if self.session:
            self.session.save() # has to be done before the redirect is sent
        if not url.startswith('http://') and not url.startswith('https://'):
            # Make sure the URL is absolute
            url = absolute_url(self, url)
        self.send_header('Location', base_url + url)
        self.send_header('Content-Type', 'text/plain')
        self.send_header('Pragma', 'no-cache')
        self.send_header('Cache-control', 'no-cache')
        self.send_header('Expires', 'Fri, 01 Jan 1999 00:00:00 GMT')

        if self.method != 'HEAD':

        raise RequestDone
  1. Fix Python file - cgi_frontend.py

In [F:\Python23\Lib\site-packages\trac\web\cgi_frontend.py], class CGIRequest, change the real_cgi_start function where it says :

        self.path_info = self.__environ.get('PATH_INFO', '')

Change this to:

        # IIS 6 Change
        self.path_info = self.__environ.get('PATH_INFO', '')
        self.path_info = self.path_info.replace(os.getenv('SCRIPT_NAME'),"")
        # End IIS 6 Change

Configure Trac DB

The trac database can be named to match the subversion repository it is working with, which is especially useful if more than one repository will ever be created. However, I'm not going to try that here (re: DarkReign hard).

  1. Run trac-admin
    f:\Python23\Scripts> python trac-admin f:/tracsvn/trac.db
  1. Initialize DB

Note: Before performing this step, ensure that your current user account (ie. the account you are running the command prompt under) has read/write permissions to your SVN directory (f:/tracsvn/) in order to create the Trac Sqlite database.

Trac [f:/tracsvn/trac.db]> initdb


Trac [f:/tracsvn/trac.db]> initenv
  Enter project name
  Database Connection String
  Enter path to repository
  Enter path to templates

If you get an error here stating that libdb42.dll was not found, copy [SVN PATH]\bin\libdb42.dll to [PYTHON PATH]\lib\libsvn\, then try again.

  1. BUG Load Wiki
    Trac [f:/tracsvn/trac.db]> wiki load f:/python23/share/trac/wiki-default
  1. Add administrative permissions (the below adds all permissions for 'admin' user)
    Trac [f:/tracsvn/trac.db]> permission add admin TRAC_ADMIN

Note that if you're using windows authentication with iis6 you can grant permissions to windows users here. Eg.

Trac [f:/tracsvn/trac.db]> permission add STAR\Administrator TRAC_ADMIN

If your iis server's windows network name is "STAR", or your iis server is in the "STAR" domain.


  1. Install Subversion clients as necessary (try RapidSVN & TortoiseSVN)
  1. Don't forget to lock down the security on the box!
  1. Now go get a *real* drink
Note: See TracWiki for help on using the wiki.