|Version 29 (modified by 12 years ago) ( diff ),|
Initially, Trac only supported SQLite for its database backend (see PySqlite).
Postgresql support has been added as of Trac 0.9.
The existing backends have been refactored and integrated in this layer. There's currently bundled support for:
- SQLite, using PySqlite
- PostgreSQL, using a variety of bindings (psycopg1 (but see below), psycopg2, or pyPgSQL) (see #126 for historical notes)
- MySQL, using MySqlDb (see #986 for historical notes)
There's some work in progress for the following:
- Oracle (see #1874)
Backend Specific Installation Instructions
Should be installed out-of-the-box, provided you have installed the PySqlite bindings.
Known issues: see pysqlite-related tickets
- Have a working copy of Postgresql
- Get the proper database driver for Python (see above)
- Install mxBase, which is required for Postgresql support.
- Create a database for your Trac environment
% createdb dbname
- Run trac-admin to create a new Trac environment. When prompted for a Database connection string, use:
Alternatively on UNIX, if the database is a local one, you can UNIX sockets instead of TCP/IP:
See #4546 for more details.
See also #2441, which discusses the process of migration from SQLite to Postgresql.
For a postgresql recipe tested on CentOS4 (Red Hat -EL4) see PostgresqlRecipe.
Note: Since Trac 0.10 the psycopg1 postgresql driver is no longer supported due to lack of unicode support.
Known issues: see postgres-related tickets
It is somewhat supported by Trac since 0.10, but there are some limitations, documented in more details in the MySqlDb page. Use this only if you don't have other choice, and be warned that there can be many issues, in particular related to the unicode support and the repository cache support. Some users are nevertheless using MySQL successfully, so it might work for you. The primary supported backends though are PostgreSQL and SQLite.
- Have a working copy of MySQL version 4.1.12 or greater.
- MySQLdb - Python database driver for MySQL
- Create a database and user for your Trac environment
% mysqladmin create dbname % mysql > grant all privileges on dbname.* to dbuser@dbhost identified by 'dbpass'; > use dbname; > ALTER DATABASE DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci; > quit
- Run trac-admin to create a new Trac environment. When prompted for a database connection string, use:
Known issues: see mysql-related tickets
Users have reported success in Conversion from SQLite.
Alternative Ideas for Database Independence
An ORM could be used to provide a unified object interface to different RDBMS:
- some people have been talking about using SQLObject to accomplish this goal of database independence.
- Modeling Another, more advanced (and more complex) OR-Mapper.
- SQLAlchemy seems to be also quite advanced
Comparisons between both and more info on Python ORMs:
Store Tickets and Wiki pages directly in the Subversion repository
A compelling idea with many advantages. A page advocating this plan is TighterSubversionIntegration. There has also been a discussion on the Trac mailing list. All arguments from this discussion are summarized on the page WhySQLite.