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Changes between Version 5 and Version 6 of 1.3/TracReports


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Timestamp:
Oct 15, 2019, 6:28:11 AM (12 months ago)
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trac
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  • 1.3/TracReports

    v5 v6  
    55The Trac reports module provides a simple, yet powerful reporting facility to present information about tickets in the Trac database.
    66
    7 Rather than have its own report definition format, TracReports relies on standard SQL `SELECT` statements for custom report definition. 
     7Rather than have its own report definition format, TracReports relies on standard SQL `SELECT` statements for custom report definition.
    88
    99  '''Note:''' The report module is being phased out in its current form because it seriously limits the ability of the Trac team to make adjustments to the underlying database schema. We believe that the [wiki:TracQuery query module] is a good replacement that provides more flexibility and better usability. While there are certain reports that cannot yet be handled by the query module, we intend to further enhance it so that at some point the reports module can be completely removed. This also means that there will be no major enhancements to the report module anymore.
     
    1717
    1818A report consists of these basic parts:
    19  * '''ID''' — Unique (sequential) identifier 
     19 * '''ID''' — Unique (sequential) identifier
    2020 * '''Title''' — Descriptive title
    2121 * '''Description''' — A brief description of the report, in WikiFormatting text.
     
    2525== Changing Sort Order
    2626
    27 Simple reports - ungrouped reports to be specific - can be changed to be sorted by any column simply by clicking the column header.
    28 
    29 If a column header is a hyperlink (red), click the column you would like to sort by. Clicking the same header again reverses the order.
    30 
    31 == Changing Report Numbering
    32 
    33 There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema:
    34  * id integer PRIMARY KEY
    35  * author text
    36  * title text
    37  * query text
    38  * description text
    39 Changing the ID changes the shown order and number in the ''Available Reports'' list and the report's perma-link. This is done by running something like:
    40 {{{#!sql
    41 UPDATE report SET id = 5 WHERE id = 3;
    42 }}}
    43 Keep in mind that the integrity has to be maintained, ie ID has to be unique, and you don't want to exceed the max, since that's managed by SQLite someplace.
    44 
    45 You may also need to update or remove the report number stored in the report or query.
     27Simple reports - ungrouped reports to be specific - can be sorted by clicking the column header.
     28
     29If a column header is a hyperlink (red), click the column to sort by it. Clicking the same header again reverses the sort order.
    4630
    4731== Navigating Tickets
    4832
    49 Clicking on one of the report results will take you to that ticket. You can navigate through the results by clicking the ''Next Ticket'' or ''Previous Ticket'' links just below the main menu bar, or click the ''Back to Report'' link to return to the report page.
    50 
    51 You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, as would happen if you were navigating a list of tickets obtained from a query (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets).
    52 
    53 == Alternative Download Formats
    54 
    55 Aside from the default HTML view, reports can also be exported in a number of alternative formats.
    56 At the bottom of the report page, you will find a list of available data formats. Click the desired link to 
    57 download the alternative report format.
     33Clicking on one of the report results will take you to that ticket. You can navigate through the results by clicking the ''Next Ticket'' or ''Previous Ticket'' contextual navigation links, or click the ''Back to Report'' link to return to the report page.
     34
     35You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, in contrast to the query results (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets).
     36
     37== Alternate Download Formats
     38
     39In addition to the HTML view, reports can also be exported in a number of alternate formats.
     40At the bottom of the report page, you will find a list of available data formats. Click the desired link to
     41download the alternate format.
    5842
    5943=== Comma-delimited - CSV (Comma Separated Values)
     
    7458Creating a custom report requires a comfortable knowledge of SQL.
    7559
    76 Note that you need to set up [TracPermissions#Reports permissions] in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.
     60Note that you need grant [TracPermissions#Reports permissions] in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.
    7761
    7862A report is basically a single named SQL query, executed and presented by Trac. Reports can be viewed and created from a custom SQL expression directly in the web interface.
     
    8872 * changetime
    8973 * component
    90  * severity 
    91  * priority 
     74 * severity
     75 * priority
    9276 * owner
    9377 * reporter
     
    10589Example: '''All active tickets, sorted by priority and time'''
    10690{{{#!sql
    107 SELECT id AS ticket, status, severity, priority, owner, time AS created, summary 
    108 FROM ticket 
     91SELECT id AS ticket, status, severity, priority, owner, time AS created, summary
     92FROM ticket
    10993WHERE status IN ('new', 'assigned', 'reopened')
    11094ORDER BY priority, time
    11195}}}
    11296
    113 Dynamic variables can also be used in the report title and description (since 1.1.1).
    114 
    11597== Advanced Reports: Dynamic Variables
    11698
    117 For more flexible reports, Trac supports the use of ''dynamic variables'' in report SQL statements. 
     99For more flexible reports, Trac supports the use of ''dynamic variables'' in report SQL statements.
    118100In short, dynamic variables are ''special'' strings that are replaced by custom data before query execution. Dynamic variables are entered through the preferences form and the values are autocompleted //(Since 1.3.2)//.
    119101
     
    131113To assign a value to `$PRIORITY` in the URL for a report, leave out the leading `$`:
    132114{{{
    133  http://trac.edgewall.org/reports/14?PRIORITY=high
     115 https://trac.edgewall.org/reports/14?PRIORITY=high
    134116}}}
    135117
    136118To use multiple variables, separate them with an `&`:
    137119{{{
    138  http://trac.edgewall.org/reports/14?PRIORITY=high&SEVERITY=critical
     120 https://trac.edgewall.org/reports/14?PRIORITY=high&SEVERITY=critical
    139121}}}
    140122
     
    150132=== !Special/Constant Variables
    151133
    152 There is one dynamic variable whose value is set automatically (the URL does not have to be changed) to allow practical reports. 
     134There is one dynamic variable whose value is set automatically (the URL does not have to be changed) to allow practical reports.
    153135
    154136 * $USER — Username of logged in user.
     
    165147=== Special Columns
    166148
    167 To format reports, TracReports looks for 'magic' column names in the query result. These 'magic' names are processed and affect the layout and style of the final report.
     149To format reports, TracReports look for 'magic' column names in the query result. These 'magic' names are processed and affect the layout and style of the final report.
    168150
    169151=== Automatically formatted columns
    170152
    171  * '''ticket''' — Ticket ID number. Becomes a hyperlink to that ticket. 
     153 * '''ticket''' — Ticket ID number. Becomes a hyperlink to that ticket.
    172154 * '''id''' — same as '''ticket''' above when '''realm''' is not set
    173155 * '''realm''' — together with '''id''', can be used to create links to other resources than tickets (e.g. a realm of ''wiki'' and an ''id'' to a page name will create a link to that wiki page)
    174    - for some kind of resources, it may be necessary to specify their ''parent'' resources (e.g. for ''changeset'', which ''repos'') and this can be achieved using the '''parent_realm''' and '''parent_id''' columns
     156   - for some resources, it may be necessary to specify their ''parent'' resources (e.g. for ''changeset'', the ''repos'') and this can be achieved using the '''parent_realm''' and '''parent_id''' columns
    175157 * '''created, modified, date, time''' — Format cell as a date and/or time.
    176158 * '''description''' — Ticket description field, parsed through the wiki engine.
     
    178160'''Example:'''
    179161{{{#!sql
    180 SELECT id AS ticket, created, status, summary FROM ticket 
     162SELECT id AS ticket, created, status, summary FROM ticket
    181163}}}
    182164
    183165Those columns can also be defined but marked as hidden, see [#column-syntax below].
    184166
    185 See trac:wiki/CookBook/Configuration/Reports for some example of creating reports for realms other than ''ticket''.
     167See [trac:CookBook/Configuration/Reports] for examples of creating reports for realms other than ''ticket''.
    186168
    187169=== Custom formatting columns
    188170
    189 Columns whose names begin and end with 2 underscores (Example: '''`__color__`''') are
     171Columns whose names begin and end with 2 underscores (e.g. '''`__color__`''') are
    190172assumed to be ''formatting hints'', affecting the appearance of the row.
    191  
     173
    192174 * '''`__group__`''' — Group results based on values in this column. Each group will have its own header and table.
    193175 * '''`__grouplink__`''' — Make the header of each group a link to the specified URL. The URL is taken from the first row of each group.
    194176 * '''`__color__`''' — Should be a numeric value ranging from 1 to 5 to select a pre-defined row color. Typically used to color rows by issue priority.
    195 {{{
    196 #!html
    197 <div style="margin-left:7.5em">Defaults:
     177 {{{#!html
     178<div style="margin-left:3em">Defaults:
    198179<span style="border: none; color: #333; background: transparent;  font-size: 85%; background: #fdc; border-color: #e88; color: #a22">Color 1</span>
    199180<span style="border: none; color: #333; background: transparent;  font-size: 85%; background: #ffb; border-color: #eea; color: #880">Color 2</span>
     
    206187 * '''`__class__`''' — Zero or more space-separated CSS class names to be set on the `<tr>` element of the current row. These classes are added to the class name derived from `__color__` and the odd / even indicator.
    207188
    208 '''Example:''' ''List active tickets, grouped by milestone, group header linked to milestone page, colored by priority''
     189'''Example:''' List active tickets, grouped by milestone, group header linked to milestone page, colored by priority:
    209190{{{#!sql
    210191SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     
    214195     t.id AS ticket, summary
    215196FROM ticket t,enum p
    216 WHERE t.status IN ('new', 'assigned', 'reopened') 
     197WHERE t.status IN ('new', 'assigned', 'reopened')
    217198  AND p.name = t.priority AND p.type = 'priority'
    218199ORDER BY t.milestone, p.value, t.severity, t.time
    219200}}}
    220201
    221 '''Note:''' A table join is used to match ''ticket'' priorities with their numeric representation from the ''enum'' table.
     202Note that table join is used to match ''ticket'' priorities with their numeric representation from the ''enum'' table.
    222203
    223204=== Changing layout of report rows === #column-syntax
     
    232213   This can be used to hide any kind of column, even important ones required for identifying the resource, e.g. `id as _id` will hide the '''Id''' column but the link to the ticket will be present.
    233214
    234 '''Example:''' ''List active tickets, grouped by milestone, colored by priority, with  description and multi-line layout''
     215'''Example:''' List active tickets, grouped by milestone, colored by priority, with  description and multi-line layout:
    235216
    236217{{{#!sql
    237218SELECT p.value AS __color__,
    238219       t.milestone AS __group__,
    239        (CASE owner 
    240           WHEN 'daniel' THEN 'font-weight: bold; background: red;' 
     220       (CASE owner
     221          WHEN 'daniel' THEN 'font-weight: bold; background: red;'
    241222          ELSE '' END) AS __style__,
    242223       t.id AS ticket, summary AS summary_,             -- ## Break line here
     
    246227       changetime AS _changetime, reporter AS _reporter -- ## Hidden from HTML output
    247228FROM ticket t,enum p
    248 WHERE t.status IN ('new', 'assigned', 'reopened') 
     229WHERE t.status IN ('new', 'assigned', 'reopened')
    249230  AND p.name = t.priority AND p.type = 'priority'
    250231ORDER BY t.milestone, p.value, t.severity, t.time
     
    253234=== Reporting on custom fields
    254235
    255 If you have added custom fields to your tickets (see TracTicketsCustomFields), you can write a SQL query to cover them. You'll need to make a join on the ticket_custom table, but this isn't especially easy.
    256 
    257 If you have tickets in the database ''before'' you declare the extra fields in trac.ini, there will be no associated data in the ticket_custom table. To get around this, use SQL's "LEFT OUTER JOIN" clauses. See [trac:TracIniReportCustomFieldSample TracIniReportCustomFieldSample] for some examples.
     236If you have added [TracTicketsCustomFields custom fields] to your tickets, you can write a SQL query to include them in a report. You'll need to make a join on the `ticket_custom` table.
     237
     238If you have tickets in the database ''before'' you declare the extra fields in trac.ini, there will be no associated data in the `ticket_custom` table. To get around this, use SQL's `LEFT OUTER JOIN` clauses. See [trac:TracIniReportCustomFieldSample TracIniReportCustomFieldSample] for some examples.
    258239
    259240=== A note about SQL rewriting #rewriting
    260241
    261242Beyond the relatively trivial replacement of dynamic variables, the SQL query is also altered in order to support two features of the reports:
    262  1. [#sort-order changing the sort order]
    263  1. pagination support (limitation of the number of result rows displayed on each page)
     243 1. [#sort-order sorting]
     244 1. pagination: limiting the number of results displayed on each page
    264245In order to support the first feature, the sort column is inserted in the `ORDER BY` clause in the first position or in the second position if a `__group__` column is specified (an `ORDER BY` clause is created if needed). In order to support pagination, a `LIMIT ... OFFSET ...` clause is appended.
    265246The query might be too complex for the automatic rewrite to work correctly, resulting in an erroneous query. In this case you still have the possibility to control exactly how the rewrite is done by manually inserting the following tokens:
     
    272253-- ## 4: Assigned, Active Tickets by Owner ## --
    273254
    274 -- 
     255--
    275256-- List assigned tickets, group by ticket owner, sorted by priority.
    276 -- 
     257--
    277258
    278259SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     
    320301}}}
    321302
     303== Changing Report Numbering
     304
     305There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema:
     306 * id integer PRIMARY KEY
     307 * author text
     308 * title text
     309 * query text
     310 * description text
     311Changing the ID changes the shown order and number in the ''Available Reports'' list and the report's perma-link. This is done by running something like:
     312{{{#!sql
     313UPDATE report SET id = 5 WHERE id = 3;
     314}}}
     315Keep in mind that the integrity has to be maintained, i.e. ID has to be unique, and you don't want to exceed the max for your database.
     316
     317You may also need to update or remove the report number stored in the report or query.
     318
    322319----
    323 See also: TracTickets, TracQuery, TracGuide, [http://www.sqlite.org/lang_expr.html Query Language Understood by SQLite]
     320See also: TracTickets, TracQuery, [https://www.sqlite.org/lang_expr.html Query Language Understood by SQLite]