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Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of 1.0/WikiProcessors


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Nov 13, 2016, 12:25:39 AM (19 months ago)
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trac
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  • 1.0/WikiProcessors

    v1 v1  
     1= Wiki Processors
     2
     3Processors are WikiMacros designed to provide alternative markup formats for the [TracWiki Wiki engine]. Processors can be thought of as ''macro functions to process user-edited text''.
     4
     5Wiki processors can be used in any Wiki text throughout Trac, such as:
     6 - [#CodeHighlightingSupport syntax highlighting] or for rendering text verbatim
     7 - rendering [#HTMLrelated Wiki markup inside a context], like inside <div> blocks or <span> or within <td> or <th> table cells
     8 - using an alternative markup syntax, like [WikiHtml raw HTML] and [WikiRestructuredText Restructured Text] or [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ textile]
     9
     10== Using Processors
     11
     12To use a processor on a block of text, first delimit the lines using a Wiki ''code block'':
     13{{{
     14{{{
     15The lines
     16that should be processed...
     17}}}
     18}}}
     19
     20Immediately after the `{{{` or on the line just below, add `#!` followed by the ''processor name'':
     21
     22{{{
     23{{{
     24#!processorname
     25The lines
     26that should be processed...
     27}}}
     28}}}
     29
     30This is the "shebang" notation, familiar to most UNIX users.
     31
     32Besides their content, some Wiki processors can also accept ''parameters'', which are then given as `key=value` pairs after the processor name and on the same line. If `value` has to contain space, as it's often the case for the style parameter, a quoted string can be used (`key="value with space"`).
     33
     34As some processors are meant to process Wiki markup, it's quite possible to ''nest'' processor blocks.
     35You may want to indent the content of nested blocks for increased clarity, this extra indentation will be ignored when processing the content.
     36
     37== Examples
     38
     39||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     40{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     41
     42                __Example 1__: Inserting raw HTML
     43}}}
     44|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     45{{{#!td style="border: none"
     46{{{
     47{{{
     48#!html
     49<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     50}}}
     51}}}
     52}}}
     53{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding-left: 2em"
     54{{{
     55#!html
     56<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     57}}}
     58}}}
     59|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     60{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     61
     62     __Example 2__: Highlighted Python code in a <div> block with custom style
     63}}}
     64|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     65{{{#!td style="border: none"
     66  {{{
     67  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     68
     69  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     70
     71    {{{
     72    #!python
     73    def hello():
     74        return "world"
     75    }}}
     76
     77  }}}
     78  }}}
     79}}}
     80{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     81  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     82
     83  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     84
     85    {{{
     86    #!python
     87    def hello():
     88        return "world"
     89    }}}
     90
     91  }}}
     92}}}
     93|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     94{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     95
     96     __Example 3__: Searching tickets from a wiki page, by keywords.
     97}}}
     98|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     99{{{#!td style="border: none"
     100  {{{
     101  {{{
     102  #!html
     103  <form action="/query" method="get"><div>
     104  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30"/>
     105  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords"/>
     106  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     107  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id"/>
     108  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary"/>
     109  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status"/>
     110  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone"/>
     111  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version"/>
     112  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner"/>
     113  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority"/>
     114  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component"/>
     115  -->
     116  </div></form>
     117  }}}
     118  }}}
     119}}}
     120{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     121  {{{
     122  #!html
     123  <form action="/query" method="get"><div>
     124  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30"/>
     125  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords"/>
     126  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     127  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id"/>
     128  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary"/>
     129  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status"/>
     130  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone"/>
     131  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version"/>
     132  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner"/>
     133  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority"/>
     134  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component"/>
     135  -->
     136  </div></form>
     137  }}}
     138}}}
     139
     140== Available Processors
     141
     142The following processors are included in the Trac distribution:
     143
     144|| '''`#!default`''' || Present the text verbatim in a preformatted text block. This is the same as specifying ''no'' processor name (and no `#!`). ||
     145|| '''`#!comment`''' || Do not process the text in this section, i.e. contents exist only in the plain text - not in the rendered page. ||
     146|| '''`#!rtl`''' || Introduce a Right-To-Left block with appropriate CSS direction and styling. ''(since 0.12.2)'' ||
     147|||| ||
     148||||= '''[=#HTMLrelated HTML related]''' =||
     149|| '''`#!html`''' || Insert custom HTML in a wiki page. ||
     150|| '''`#!htmlcomment`''' || Insert an HTML comment in a wiki page. (''since 0.12'') ||
     151|| || Note that `#!html` blocks have to be ''self-contained'', i.e. you can't start an HTML element in one block and close it later in a second block. Use the following processors for achieving a similar effect.  ||
     152|| '''`#!div`''' || Wrap wiki content inside a <div> element. ||
     153|| '''`#!span`''' || Wrap wiki content inside a <span> element. ||
     154|| '''`#!td`''' || Wrap wiki content inside a <td> element. (''since 0.12'') ||
     155|| '''`#!th`''' || Wrap wiki content inside a <th> element. (''since 0.12'') ||
     156|| '''`#!tr`''' || Can optionally be used for wrapping `#!td` and `#!th` blocks, either for specifying row attributes or better visual grouping. (''since 0.12'') ||
     157|| '''`#!table`''' || Can optionally be used for wrapping `#!tr`, `#!td` and `#!th` blocks, for specifying table attributes. One current limitation however is that tables cannot be nested. (''since 0.12'') ||
     158|| || See WikiHtml for example usage and more details about these processors. ||
     159|||| ||
     160||||= '''Other Markups''' =||
     161|| '''`#!rst`''' || Trac support for Restructured Text. See WikiRestructuredText. ||
     162|| '''`#!textile`''' || Supported if [http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/textile Textile] is installed. See [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ a Textile reference]. ||
     163|||| ||
     164||||= '''[=#CodeHighlightingSupport Code Highlighting Support]''' =||
     165|| '''`#!c`''' [[BR]] '''`#!cpp`''' (C++) [[BR]] '''`#!python`''' [[BR]] '''`#!perl`''' [[BR]] '''`#!ruby`''' [[BR]] '''`#!php`''' [[BR]] '''`#!asp`''' [[BR]] '''`#!java`''' [[BR]] '''`#!js`''' (Javascript) [[BR]] '''`#!sql`''' [[BR]] '''`#!xml`''' (XML or HTML) [[BR]] '''`#!sh`''' (!Bourne/Bash shell) [[BR]] '''etc.''' [[BR]] || Trac includes processors to provide inline syntax highlighting for source code in various languages. [[BR]] [[BR]] Trac relies on [http://pygments.org Pygments] for syntax coloring. [[BR]] [[BR]] See TracSyntaxColoring for information about which languages are supported and how to enable support for more languages. ||
     166|||| ||
     167
     168Using the MIME type as processor, it is possible to syntax-highlight the same languages that are supported when browsing source code.
     169
     170||||= '''MIME Type Processors''' =||
     171{{{#!tr
     172{{{#!td
     173Some examples:
     174 {{{
     175{{{#!text/html
     176<h1>text</h1>
     177}}}
     178 }}}
     179}}}
     180{{{#!td
     181The result will be syntax highlighted HTML code:
     182 {{{#!text/html
     183<h1>text</h1>
     184 }}}
     185
     186The same is valid for all other [TracSyntaxColoring#SyntaxColoringSupport mime types supported].
     187}}}
     188}}}
     189{{{#!td
     190 {{{
     191{{{#!diff
     192--- Version 55
     193+++ Version 56
     194@@ -115,8 +115,9 @@
     195     name='TracHelloWorld', version='1.0',
     196     packages=find_packages(exclude=['*.tests*']),
     197-    entry_points = """
     198-        [trac.plugins]
     199-        helloworld = myplugs.helloworld
     200-    """,
     201+    entry_points = {
     202+        'trac.plugins': [
     203+            'helloworld = myplugs.helloworld',
     204+        ],
     205+    },
     206 )
     207}}}
     208 }}}
     209}}}
     210{{{#!td
     211'''`#!diff`''' has a particularly nice renderer:
     212 {{{#!diff
     213--- Version 55
     214+++ Version 56
     215@@ -115,8 +115,9 @@
     216     name='TracHelloWorld', version='1.0',
     217     packages=find_packages(exclude=['*.tests*']),
     218-    entry_points = """
     219-        [trac.plugins]
     220-        helloworld = myplugs.helloworld
     221-    """,
     222+    entry_points = {
     223+        'trac.plugins': [
     224+            'helloworld = myplugs.helloworld',
     225+        ],
     226+    },
     227 )
     228 }}}
     229}}}
     230
     231For more processor macros developed and/or contributed by users, visit the [https://trac-hacks.org Trac Hacks] community site.
     232
     233Developing processors is no different from Wiki macros. In fact, they work the same way, only the usage syntax differs. See WikiMacros#DevelopingCustomMacros for more information.
     234
     235----
     236See also: WikiMacros, WikiHtml, WikiRestructuredText, TracSyntaxColoring, WikiFormatting, TracGuide